Our nonpartisan Representing US project has been exploring the differences across all 435 U.S. House districts—from education and poverty levels, to racial and immigrant make-up, to congressional and presidential voting history, and more.

With this, our third release of Representing US, we’re highlighting the November 6, 2018, election outcomes. All vote percentages below have been certified by states.


Revisit our pre-election RepresentingUS content including our Demographics Tool and Voting Insights Tool.


The midterm elections erased what was a 43-seat advantage for the Republicans and handed the majority to the Democrats. Democrats won 235 seats, including 43 formerly Republican districts. Republicans claimed 199 seats, including three flipped from the Democrats. (North Carolina’s 9th district seat remains vacant, following evidence of election fraud. A new primary election is set for May 14, followed by a runoff primary or general election on September 10.)

Explore all the results in our interactive tools below.


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Midterms 2018: Which U.S. House seats were held or flipped by each political party?

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APM Research Lab, Representing US project. Last updated April 10, 2019.

KEY FINDINGS
  • Democrats held 192 seats (including five in redistricted Pennsylvania). Democrats also flipped 43 seats from Republicans (including four in Pennsylvania’s revised districts). Democrats have control of 235 seats, with one race (North Carolina’s 9th) yet undecided. Democrats have gained the majority in the U.S. House by surpassing 218 seats.

  • Republicans successfully defended 196 of their seats (including eight in redistricted Pennsylvania). However, Republicans only flipped one Pennsylvania seat, along with two other districts (Minnesota’s 1st and 8th) from the Democrats. Republicans have won 199 seats, with one race remaining uncalled.


Midterms 2018: Where did women win U.S. House races?

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APM Research Lab, Representing US project. Last updated April 10, 2019.


KEY FINDINGS

  • Following the historic midterm election, a record-setting 102 congresswomen were seated in the 116th Congress’ House of Representatives.

  • Thirteen Republican women won a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, resulting in a victory for 25 percent of all Republican women running. Additionally, 89 Democratic women won their congressional district races, or 48 percent all Democratic women running.


Midterms 2018: How close was the U.S. House race?

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APM Research Lab, Representing US project. Last updated April 10, 2019.

KEY FINDINGS
  • The smallest margins of victory in the 2018 midterm elections were in Georgia’s 7th district (in which Republican incumbent Rob Woodall narrowly defeated Democrat Carolyn Bordeaux) and Utah’s 4th district (where Democrat Ben McAdams unseated Republican incumbent Mia Love). In both, 0.2 percentage points separated the candidates after all votes were counted.

  • Compared to 28 uncontested House races in the 2016 election, 2018 saw 18 House races that were uncontested. Only two of the 18 were Republican-held; Democrats were assured a victory in the 16 other unchallenged seats.


Midterms 2018: How red or blue was the outcome of each race?

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APM Research Lab, Representing US project. Last updated April 10, 2019.


KEY FINDINGS

  • There were 46 House races that were won by five percentage points or less, including seven races in Texas, five races in California, three races in New York, and three in redistricted Pennsylvania.

  • North Carolina’s 9th district seat remains vacant, following evidence of election fraud. A new primary election is set for May 14, followed by a runoff primary or general election on September 10. Prior to allegations of election impropriety surfacing, Republican Mark Harris had a less than 1,000 vote lead over Democrat Dan McCready. Harris is not running again.


Midterms 2018: How strong was support for Trump in 2016, compared to which party won the seat in 2018?

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APM Research Lab, Representing US project. Last updated April 10, 2019. Pennsylvania results not available due to redistricting since 2016.


KEY FINDINGS

  • Twenty-nine House districts that voted in greater numbers for President Trump over Hillary Clinton in 2016 sent a Democrat to Congress in 2018. Most notable was Minnesota’s 7th district, in which voters sent longstanding Democratic congressman Collin Peterson back to Congress by a four-point margin, despite favoring President Trump by 31 percentage points.

  • Only two districts that favored Clinton over Trump in 2016 sent a Republican to the U.S. House in 2018: New York’s 24th and Texas’ 23rd district. Republican incumbents John Katko and Will Hurd won by 5.2 and 0.5 percentage points, respectively, in those districts. Each district had preferred Trump to Clinton by a margin of four percentage points in 2016.


Notes about use

On social media, please use the hashtag #RepresentingUS. Users may freely use data and images from this page. Please include the following citation and link. Source: APM Research Lab, “Representing US, 2018.” Available at: bit.ly/RepresentingUS .

You may also wish to see our second release of our Representing US tools (pre-election content including candidate data and demographic and economic data by district) or our first release of Representing US tools in our Tableau gallery. Please email us at info@apmresearchlab.org with any additional questions about these tools.

How to navigate these tools

On map views, use + or – (in toolbar along the left side of any map view) or your mouse scroll wheel to zoom in and out. You may also click the magnifying glass icon and enter a location to zoom to it. Use the cross-shaped tool to pan and move about, including locating data for Hawaii or Alaska.
Click the home icon or refresh your browser page to reset the view. All bar graphs and tables may be sorted (high-to-low, low-to-high, or alphabetically) by clicking the sort icon (three stacked bars).
Click here if you do not know your U.S. House district to locate it by your zip code, or use the magnifying glass icon on the map views to identify district(s) associated with a zip code, city, state, or other geography.

Data sources and notes

The 2018 election results were sourced from the New York Times ’ 2018 coverage. (D) refers to Democrat, (R) refers to Republican, (I) refers to independent, (L) refers to Libertarian, and (G) refers to Green party.
The above maps do not use the February 2018 district boundaries issued by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court as updated boundaries were not yet available for these geographies. Complete results for Pennsylvania’s new districts are available in the “How close was the U.S. House race?” bar graph.
In the case of formerly vacant U.S. House seats, the party which last held the seat is used to determine who held or flipped the seat for the map titled “Which U.S. House seats were held or flipped by each party?”
Uncontested 2018 races as well as same-party races (e.g., Democrat vs. Democrats) are represented as 100% blue or red in the “How close was the U.S. House race?” bar graph and the “How red or blue was the outcome of 2018 midterm election?” map. In the case of a Democrat or Republican defeating a third party candidate, the respective margin of victory is shown as a percentage red or blue in the latter map.
Data on Trump/Clinton margin in 2016 by U.S. House district sourced from Cook Political Report’s most recent Partisan Voting Index by state and district, which uses data collected by POLIDATA. Further methodology can be found in the full Report by Cook. Data on 2016 U.S. House election results (and subsequent special elections) sourced from CNN , Politico the New York Times and states’ Secretary of State offices.
In some cases, margins of victory may differ slightly from the gap between candidates’ vote shares, due to rounding from figures with greater precision.